Sunday, October 9, 2011

Saturday, October 8, 2011

Trans Fat

Take a glance at what’s Trans Fat/ Trans Fatty Acid
  • A type of fat that is formed when liquid oils are turned into solid fats (Hydrogenation).
  • Hydrogen is added to vegetable oil to increase the shelf life and flavor stability of foods. The result of the process is trans fat.
  • Naturally present in milk (cow’s milk, goat’s milk, breast milk), milk products and meat.
  • Can also be found in margarines, vegetable shortenings, crackers, candies, cookies, snack foods, fried foods, fast food, baked goods, and other processed foods made with partially hydrogenated vegetable oils.
  • It raises LDL (bad) cholesterol and lowers the HDL (good) cholesterol in the blood.
  • National Academy of Sciences (NAS) have not recommended the elimination of trans fat from the diet as trans fat is naturally present in many animal foods in trace quantities. NAS therefore recommended that trans fatty acid consumption be as low as possible while consuming a nutritionally adequate diet.
  • World Health Organization (WHO) recommends in 2003 that trans fats be limited to less than 1% of overall energy intake.
  • According to Ministry of Health (MOH) Malaysia, food to be claimed:
  • Low in trans fat = 1.5g/100g or
10% of total energy of the food
  • Free of trans fat = 0.1g/100g or 100ml

Sunday, September 25, 2011

milk formula

Milk is one of the most complete of all foods, containing nearly all the constituents of nutritional importance to us. (Dr Tee Ee Siong, president of the Nutrition Society of Malaysia)

There are variety of milk formula available in the market nowadays. So many brands and so many types to choose from. There are cow's milk, goat's milk, soy formula, organic milk...

DHA? Sugar content? etc etc...


Look at the bigger picture, as Dr Tee suggested.

When you're unable to decide, go back to the basic. Is DHA the reason your child drink milk? Is DHA or sugar content the only factor that decide what milk your child should be taking? NO, definitely no.

A complete nutrition, or well-balanced diet is what you should be looking at.

Children consume milk for their calcium, iron, vitamins & other minerals which are equally important for their growth.

So, always look at the overall nutritional profile of the milk rather than only the specific nutrient. Dont judge a food by a single nutrient but its overall, complete nutritional profile.

Here is a list of cow's milk formula available in the market.

1. Danone Dumex

2. Mead Johnson

3. Novalac

4. Friso Gold

5. Dutch Lady

6. Wyeth

7. Snow

8. Nan Grow

9. Anmum

10. Fernleaf

Goat's milk

1. Karihome

Organic milk:

1. Bonlife

2. Biokinder

3. Bellamy

Monday, May 16, 2011

Baby Regurgitation

Regurgitation is a common condition in babies, especially in premature babies or babies within the first 4 months of life. However, fret not as babies usually outgrow it by one year o of age.
understanding the cause
As we eat, the food travels from mouth to the esophagus, into the stomach and emptying into the small intestine.

There's a valve between the lower part of the esophagus and the opening of the stomach, called lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which helps prevent food from flowing back into the esophagus.

Hence, if the LES is still weak or does not close properly, or large feedings that increase the gastric pressure or food that cause LES to relax, a reflux may be triggered.

Tips to reduce the condition:
  • burp the baby after feed
  • provide small and frequent feedings to avoid overfeeding. Large feeding increase gastric pressure and trigger reflux.
  • place the baby in a prone position after feeding, as it improves gastric emptying (carry out under doctor’s advise)
  • avoid food right before naps or bedtime
  • provide thickening formula feedings
  • avoid any known irritants in the diet. Possible irritants include citrus, tomato, chocolate, peppermint, fatty food (these food may cause a decrease in LES pressure). However, food irritants are individualized and do not eliminate food unnecessarily
  • recall and record the diet intake/feeding pattern to help determine whether the baby is regurgitating due to over feeding
  • do not play with or jiggle your baby right after feeding as too vigorous movements may trigger a reflux

A Rainbow of Fruits & Vege - White

White coloured vege/fruit:

A Rainbow of Fruits & Vege - Blue/Purple

The blue & purple coloured fruits/vege :

Sunday, May 15, 2011

A Rainbow of Fruits & Vege - Green

Kids' 'favourite' colour for vege:
  • Broccoli
  • Cucumber
  • Spinach
  • Cabbage
  • Celery
  • Leek
  • Green pepper
  • Lettuce
  • Peas
  • Lady's finger/okra
  • Kai lan
The green fruits:
  • Avocado
  • Kiwi
  • Green apple

A Rainbow of Fruits & Vege - Orange/Yellow

A Rainbow of Fruits & Vege - The Red

Examples of Red coloured fruit/vege:
Red pepper
Red grapefruit

Thursday, May 12, 2011

Diet Recall

life as a dietitian..
taking diet recall everyday..
it can be annoying when you have this kind of patients..
how big is the bagel? well, it's a bagel size! lol
enjoy the video


- part of the cabbage family
- a good source of:
  • vitamin C
  • anti-inflammatory vitamin K
  • vitamin A (through its concentration of carotenoid phytonutrients)
  • heart-healthy folate
  • soluble fiber
  • enzyme-activating manganese
  • muscular-system-supporting potassium, protein, and magnesium
  • energy-producing vitamin B2, vitamin B6, and phosphorus
  • omega-3 fatty acids
  • bone-healthy calcium
  • immune-supportive zinc & vitamin E

Sunday, May 1, 2011

Food Pyramid Malaysia

Comparing The New and Old Food Pyramid

New Food Pyramid Malaysia 2010

Old Food Pyramid

The New Food Pyramid

The Previous Food Pyramid

Rice, cereal, tubers

4-8 servings/day

Eat adequately

8-12 servings/day

Vege & fruits

Vege: 3 servings/day (Eat plenty)

Fruits: 2 servings/day (Eat plenty)

Vege & fruits:

3-5 servings/day

Meat, fish, poultry, legumes

½ -2 servings chicken/meat/egg /day

1 serving fish/day

½ - 2 servings legumes/day

Eat in moderation

2-3 servings/day

Milk, dairy products

1 – 3 servings / day

Eat in moderation

1-2 servings

Fat, sugar, salt

Eat less

In a small amount

Per Serving

Based on 30g carbohydrate

Based on 15g carbohydrate

Friday, April 29, 2011

Beyonce - Move Your Body

Have you moved your body today?

Even Beyoncé is supporting the fight against childhood obesity.

Here's her music video of Move Your Body in support of Michelle Obama's 'Let's Move' healthy eating campaign. "It's all about promoting the benefits of healthy eating and exercise," Beyoncé said. "But what we want to do is make it fun by doing something that we all love to do. And that's dance."

5, 3, 2011, let's move!

Mission 1,
Let me see you run,
Put your knees up in the sky,
'Cause we just begun, hey! Hey!

Mission 2,
This is how we do,
Jump a couple to the right,
To the left, let's move!
Hey! Hey!

Mission 3,
Can you dougie with me?
Throw your own lil swag on this swizzy beat,
Hey! Hey!

Mission 4,
If you're ready for more,
Jump up, jump up,
Lift your feet off the floor,
Hey! Hey!

I aint worried doing me tonight,
A little sweat aint never hurt nobody,
Don't just stand there on the wall,
Everybody just move your body,

Move your body, x4
Everybody, Won't you move your body?
Everybody, Won't you move your body?

Get me bodied,
I wanna be myself tonight,
Can you get me bodied,
I wanna be myself tonight,
Wanna move my body,
I wanna let it out tonight,
Gonna party, gonna dance, gonna be myself tonight,

Mission 5,
Hold me out, let's go
Time to move your little hips,
Vamonos, Vamonos,
Hey! Hey!

Mission 6,
Turn your back real quick,
Do the running man and then you turn around like this,
Hey! Hey!

Mission 7,
Time to break it down,
Step and touch to the danceful sounds,
Hey! Hey!

Mission 8,
Do the -
Snap your fingers, snap your feet,
Just keep up with the track,
Hey! Hey!

I aint worried doing me tonight,
A little sweat aint never hurt nobody,
Don't just stand there on the wall,
Everybody just move your body,

Move your body, x4
Everybody, Won't you move your body?
Everybody, Won't you move your body?

Get me bodied,
I wanna be myself tonight,
Can you get me bodied,
I wanna be myself tonight,
Wanna move my body,
I wanna let it out tonight,
Gonna party, gonna dance, gonna be myself tonight,

Fellas on the floor,
All my ladies on the floor,
Get me bodied, get ready, to move,

Baby all I want is to let it go,
Ain't no worries, oh,
We can dance all night,
Move your body,
That means come closer to me,
While we dance to the beat,
Move your body,

Now run to the left, to the left, to the left,
Now run to the left, to the left,
Now run to the right, to the right, to the right,
Come back to the right, to the right,

Now run to the left, to the left, to the left,
Now run to the left, to the left,
Now run to the right, to the right, to the right,
Come back to the right, to the right,

Wave the American flag, x4
Hey! HEY!

Thursday, April 28, 2011

Waving goodbye to unhealthy food in school canteen

Fifteen food items deemed unhealthy for children have been proposed by the Health Ministry's Nutrition Division to be banned in school canteens, said Deputy Health Minister Datuk Rosnah Abdul Rashid Shirlin.

These included instant noodles, candies, preserved food, food containing artificial flavour, processed food like burgers, and carbonated drinks.

Rosnah said in line with the proposal, which would be finalised next month, the ministry had also identified 60 types of healthy food like fried rice, kuey teow soup and noodle soup to be sold by canteen operators.

Rosnah said the proposal on the sale of healthy food was vital as the research conducted by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia revealed that in 2000, the obesity rate among children aged between 7 and 12 was 9.7%, while in 2008, it had risen to 13.7%.

In another news, Health Minister Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai said new guidelines on food sold in school canteens, including frequency of the food served, are expected to be issued next month. He said the guidelines would ensure healthier food for schoolchildren and address their health problems, such as obesity.

"Previously, only the food list was given. Now, the frequency will be set, for example, how many times nasi lemak and fried rice must be sold," he told reporters.

Liow said the food list, which would be made up of about 70 main dishes, would be finalised after it was discussed with the Education Ministry. Liow said food vendors outside school compound should also comply with the guidelines.

Wednesday, April 27, 2011

Malaysia Dietary Guidelines for body weight

Malaysia Dietary Guidelines recommended that:

1. body weight be maintained in the healthy range by balancing calorie intake with physical activity.
- Eat according to calorie recommendations by age, sex and physical activity level
- Be physically active everyday
- Reduce sedentary activities

2. weigh yourself regularly, eat least once a week

3. if you are an adult, prevent gradual weight gain over time
- reduce intake of high calorie foods
- eat smaller portions of high calorie foods

4. if overweight, aim for slow and steady weight loss
- set a realistic weight loss goal of ½ - 1kg/week
- decrease calorie intake without sacrificing other nutrients

5. if underweight, increase energy intake as recommended
- eat 3 main meals & 1-3 snacks/day
- choose food with higher calorie content
- eat larger portions of food

Keeping our children healthy

Our Ministry of Health has been putting more attention on children’s health and childhood obesity recently. Several measures have been taken to help raise awareness and keep our young generation away from obesity.

According to Health Minister Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai, students’ body mass index (BMI) will be listed in their report cards while unhealthy food will be banned in school canteens effective immediately.

"By listing students' BMI on their report cards, parents have the means to know whether their child's weight is ideal, overweight or obese," he told reporters, adding that parents could obtain advice from clinics on how to maintain a healthy weight for their children.

BMI will not be something new and foreign to parents or students in the future. In the past, the students’ body weight and height are only recorded in the report card for reference purposes. Parents get to know that their children are growing, taller and putting on weight as they grow. However, there’s no indication as to whether the growth, especially in weight, is a healthy one. When the new measure is implemented, parents will not only be aware of their children’s academic performance, but also their health.

He said Malaysia was currently ranked sixth amongst Asian countries and first in Southeast Asia for a high percentage of obese citizens.

"30% of Malaysians are overweight, while another 30% are obese. That's 60%," he said, adding that ministry data estimated around 1.7 million Malaysians aged 18 and above to be obese.

Liow said the move to list BMI in report cards was decided at the Cabinet Committee on Non-communicable Diseases chaired by Deputy Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin on April 4.

"We have identified unhealthy canteen food such as soft drinks and others with high sugar content. These types of food are now banned from being sold," he said.In the meantime, The Health Ministry is also looking into introducing nutritional content labels on some food items sold in canteens in schools. Liow said the labels would show details such as calories, carbohydrates, proteins and fat content.

“They (canteen operators) will need additional knowledge and it will involve extra work to put in all the labels. We will do it slowly but surely,” he said.

In Malaysia, food is plentiful, palatable, easily available and well promoted. In addition to technologies, students are spending their free time sitting in front of the TV or computer instead of playing and chasing around like what kids in the past did. The unhealthy food consumption pattern and sedentary lifestyle has set a trend of rising BMI among students.